Hunefer - WikipediaSurely one of the most evocative titles ascribed to an ancient text, the Egyptian Book of the Dead is an ancient Egyptian funerary text. Written by a succession of priests over a period of approximately 1, years the Book of the Dead was one of a series of sacred manuals serving the needs of the spirits of the elite dead to flourish in the afterlife. The text is not a book, as we understand it today. Rather, it is a collection of spells intended to assist a newly departed soul to navigate the perils the Egyptians associated with their Duat or afterlife. The Book of the Dead continued a long Egyptian tradition of funerary texts, which encompass the preceding Pyramid Texts and Coffin Texts. These tracts were initially painted onto tomb walls and funerary objects rather than papyrus. Other spells were later compositions and date to the Egyptian Third Intermediate Period c.
ISBN 13: 9780714119946
From Thebes , Egypt 19th Dynasty, around BC The judgement of the dead in the presence of Osiris This is an excellent example of one of the many fine vignettes illustrations from the Book of the Dead of Hunefer. The scene reads from left to right. To the left, Anubis brings Hunefer into the judgement area. Anubis is also shown supervizing the judgement scales. Hunefer's heart, represented as a pot, is being weighed against a feather, the symbol of Maat , the established order of things, in this context meaning 'what is right'. The ancient Egyptians believed that the heart was the seat of the emotions, the intellect and the character, and thus represented the good or bad aspects of a person's life. If the heart did not balance with the feather, then the dead person was condemned to non-existence, and consumption by the ferocious 'devourer', the strange beast shown here which is part-crocodile, part-lion, and part-hippopotamus.
This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus years or fewer. This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published or registered with the U. Copyright Office before January 1, This file contains additional information such as Exif metadata which may have been added by the digital camera, scanner, or software program used to create or digitize it. If the file has been modified from its original state, some details such as the timestamp may not fully reflect those of the original file. The timestamp is only as accurate as the clock in the camera, and it may be completely wrong.
Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Want to Read saving…. Want to Read Currently Reading Read.
ek hota carver story in marathi pdf free download
Complete Book of the Dead of Hunefer: A Papyrus Pullout