The Indian Ideology - WikipediaToday, the Indian state claims to embody the values of a stable political democracy, a harmonious territorial unity, and a steadfast religious impartiality. Even many of those critical of the inequalities of Indian society underwrite such claims. But how far do they correspond to the realities of the Union? If they do not do so, is that simply because of the fate of circumstance, or the recent misconduct of its rulers? The Indian Ideology suggests that the roots of the current ills of the Republic go much deeper, historically. They lie, it argues, in the way the struggle for independence culminated in the transfer of power from British rule to Congress in a divided subcontinent, not least in the roles played by Gandhi as the great architect of the movement, and Nehru as his appointed successor, in the catastrophe of Partition. Only a honest reckoning with that disaster, Perry Anderson argues, offers an understanding of what has gone wrong with the Republic since Independence.
A near-polemical critique of the modern Indian nation-building project, the book consists of three essays originally published in the London Review of Books LRB in July—August In the first essay, "Independence", Anderson criticises M. Gandhi 's role in the Indian independence movement , specifically his injection of religion into it to mobilise the masses. In "Partition", Anderson places the blame for the bloody Partition of India on the Hindu-dominated Indian National Congress , arguing that its claim to be the sole representative for all Indians led to the inevitable rise of the Muslim League and the two-nation theory. Asked by Praful Bidwai in an interview to sum up The Indian Ideology , Anderson said the book "advances five main arguments that run counter to conventional wisdom in India today":. Firstly, that the idea of a subcontinental unity stretching back six thousand years is a myth.
PDF | On Jun 1, , Ravi Palat and others published The Indian Ideology. Download full-text PDF Perry Anderson, The Indian Ideology.
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Today, the Indian state claims to possess a harmonious territorial unity, to embody the values of a stable political democracy, and to adhere to a steadfast religious impartiality. Even many of those critical of the inequalities of Indian society still underwrite such claims. They lie, it argues, in the way the struggle for independence culminated in the transfer of power from British rule to Congress in a divided subcontinent, not least in the roles played by Gandhi, as the great architect of the movement, and Nehru, as his appointed successor, in the catastrophe of partition.
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