Can Cultural Competency Reduce Racial And Ethnic Health Disparities? A Review And Conceptual ModelCanada has an international reputation for being a tolerant, diverse nation comprised of people from many racial, ethnic, cultural and religious groups. However, as with all heterogeneous countries, Canada has not escaped moral panics regarding immigrant criminality nor concerns about the possible discriminatory treatment of racial minorities by the criminal justice system. The chapter then documents the over-representation of certain racial minority groups within the Canadian criminal justice system, and briefly explores patterns of minority victimization and offending. We next examine minority perceptions of the Canadian police and criminal courts and examine evidence of racial bias in the Canadian criminal justice system. Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
Race & Ethnicity: Crash Course Sociology #34
Diversity and Society: Race, Ethnicity, and Gender / Edition 4
The book introduces sociological concepts and methods before investigating key areas of sociology class, race, gender, family life, health, death, work, the city,populations, technology, religion, leisure and crime through the New Zealand experience. This 4th edition has been revised and rewritten throughout by a renewed author team. Key changes include:. Exploring Society is an engaging, comprehensive and up-to-date introduction for New Zealand sociology students. Ruth McManus teaches in and researches on sociology and death studies. His teaching and research interests include introductory sociology, the sociology of disasters, social theory and the sociology of technology, and his current research looks at the rebuilding of Christchurch following its two earthquakes. Chris Brickell is associate professor in gender studies at the University of Otago.
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Although some scholars have attempted to establish dozens of racial groupings for the peoples of the world, others have suggested four or five. An example of a racial category is Asian or Mongoloid , with its associated facial, hair color, and body type features. Yet too many exceptions to this sort of racial grouping have been found to make any racial categorizations truly viable. Certainly, obvious physical differences—some of which are inherited—exist between humans. But how these variations form the basis for social prejudice and discrimination has nothing to do with genetics but rather with a social phenomenon related to outward appearances. Racism , then, is prejudice based on socially significant physical features. A racist believes that certain people are superior, or inferior, to others in light of racial differences.
The conceptual model shows how these techniques could theoretically improve the ability of health systems and their clinicians to deliver appropriate services to diverse populations, thereby improving outcomes and reducing disparities. The authors conclude that while there is substantial research evidence to suggest that cultural competency should in fact work, health systems have little evidence about which cultural competency techniques are effective and less evidence on when and how to implement them properly. With minority Americans expected to comprise more than 40 percent of the U. Bureau of the Census , addressing their health needs has become an increasingly visible public policy goal Agency for Health Care Policy and Research ; U. DHHS ; U. Making sure that the health care provided to this diverse population takes account of their linguistic and cultural needs constitutes a major challenge for health systems and policy makers.