Introduction to microprocessor and microcomputer pdf

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introduction to microprocessor and microcomputer pdf

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These computers are designed and constructed based on digital and Integrated Circuit IC fabrication technology. A digital computer is a machine that can be used to solve problems for people by carrying out the task by following the instructions given to it. A sequence of instructions describing how to perform a certain task or job is called a program. PCs were used for word processing, spreadsheets, and numerous highly interactive applications where larger computers could not handle well. Structure of a PC All types of computers, regardless of their size, type and use, consist of at least the following devices:- a. Storage device Memory c.
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Microprocessor - Introduction - MPC - Lec-1 - Bhanu Priya

A microcomputer is a small, relatively inexpensive computer with a microprocessor as its central processing unit CPU.

Microcomputer

A microcomputer is a complete computer on a small scale, designed for use by one person at a time. An antiquated term, a microcomputer is now primarily called a personal computer PC , or a device based on a single-chip microprocessor. Common microcomputers include laptops and desktops. Beyond standard PCs, microcomputers also include some calculators, mobile phones, notebooks, workstations and embedded systems. Smaller than a mainframe or minicomputer , a microcomputer uses a single integrated semiconductor chip for its central processing unit CPU. The term microcomputer dates back to the s. The advent of the Intel microprocessor in , and later the Intel and Intel microprocessor in and respectively, paved the path to the creation of the microcomputer.

Personal Computer These microprocessor-based computers were intended to be versatile tools that could load and run various programs such as word processor, spreadsheets, database and games. They could also be easily custom-programmed by the user to do whatever the programmer imagined. Example : Intel , and the likes 2. Microcomputer or Microcontroller unit A microprocessor-based computer as a control unit embedded in a marketable product.. These microcomputer is made up of the same elements as the personal computer, but it is programmed once by the manufacturer. Example: Intel family Intel -.

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