>>>FREE Download<<< African Development: Making Sense of the Issues a…Existing studies conceive the effects of the interactions to be unidirectional, with Africa always on the receiving end in both good and bad ways. The conception is incorrect; it lacks the appreciation that the effects are interactive, mutual, dynamic, and simultaneous. Thus, I argue that contrary to the extant literature, the development of Euro-America has origins in Africa through the mechanism of mercantile, slave, and free trade. For example, the growth of colonial Britain depended on foreign trade with the Americas — exports of manufactured goods and imports of raw materials. In turn, American raw materials were produced by African slave labor. When slavery ended African raw materials began to flow to Euro-America in greater amounts than before, replacing slave labor. The result was a smooth transition from a slave-labor-based economy to a modern economy in Euro-America, and a stunted economy in Africa.
D.O.W.N.L.O.A.D [P.D.F] African Development: Making Sense of the Issues and Actors
Jump to navigation. Africa presents some of the greatest challenges of economic development in the contemporary world. Slow growth, poverty, corruption, debt, and recurring crises have marred the region's economies for decades. Attempts at reform have often had discouraging results, and the sources of the continent's malaise -- and its prospects for revitalization -- are widely contested. Moss elucidates the region's travails and unpacks the often muddled debates over policy and change. Treating both political and economic themes with admirable clarity, he walks the reader briskly through Africa's colonial legacy, the syndrome of personal rule, the economic liabilities of conflict, and the challenges of democratic reform.
Browse more videos
Many traditional donors have commissioned research to grasp the current status and trends of assistance by these emerging donors King, ; Manning, ; Rowlands, ; Humphrey, There are also studies on the operations of emerging donors approached from the perspective of recipient countries Kassenova, ; Nordtveit, ; Sato et al. By comparing different national systems and practices in this region, one sees, regardless of the diversity of historical backgrounds, some common cultural roots in the philosophies and modes of operation for conducting programs of international educational cooperation. The national systems and practices in this region also hint at the limiting nature of applying the Western notion of development aid in making sense of these nontraditional donors, specifically in Asia. In this sense, the education sector will serve to demonstrate the unique philosophical basis of aid provided by Asian countries. It resonates repeatedly in the policy statements of Asian donors, particularly Japan, South Korea, and China.