Is Anything Real?
Dreams, Illusion, and Other Realities
Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Want to Read saving…. Want to Read Currently Reading Read. Other editions. Enlarge cover. Error rating book.
The Western assumption that dreams are softer more subjective, false, private, transient, and illusory than the hard facts of waking life which we think of as objective, true, public, permanent, and real is an assumption that is not shared by Indian texts devoted to the meaning of dreams. Indian medicine and philosophy do not recognize the distinction between two aspects of dream analysis that is made by Roger Caillois, who speaks of "two types of problems concerning dreams that have always puzzled men's minds. The two aspects of dreams merge from the very start in India, since one word svapna, etymologically related to the Greek hypnos designates both the content of dreaming—i. The first is what we would regard as the soft or subjective aspect of the dream, visible only to the dreamer; the second we think of as the objective or hard aspect of the dream, visible to other observers. The first is what we examine on the psychoanalyst's soft couch; the second we analyze with the hardware of the sleep laboratory.