The Holy Books of World Religions | Sacred Texts in World Religions - BeliefnetThe Buddhist canon consists of the Sutras: the words and teachings of the Buddha. There are also a There are many noncanonical texts in the Christian religion as well. Protestants believe in the preeminence of the Holy Scriptures, as the Reformation was a return to the early days of Christianity prior to the policies and creeds developed by the Catholic Church hierarchy. Judaism is the oldest of the Abrahamic religions, and its primary sacred text is the Tanach, or the Quick Search. Some sacred texts form the cornerstone of a religion, instilling law, character and spirituality in its people; some are narratives of historical figures in the faith.
The primary sacred text of Christianity is the Bible. Its name is derived from the Latin word biblia, which simply means "books. The names given to these two parts of the Bible are significant. The word testament means "covenant," so the notion of old and new testaments reflects the Christian perspective that the Church is the successor to Israel as God's chosen people. But it is also regarded as having been superceded and fulfilled by the new testament covenant God has made with the Church. Following the pattern of the Greek version of the Old Testament the Septuagint , the Apocrypha was included in all Christian Bibles until the Reformation. The reformers rejected the Apocrypha because it was sometimes used as a basis for certain Catholic doctrines and because the Jews have never included it in their biblical canon.
Religious texts are texts related to a religious tradition. They differ from literary texts by being a compilation or discussion of beliefs, mythologies, ritual practices, commandments or laws, ethical conduct, spiritual aspirations and by creating or fostering a religious community. Some religious texts are accepted or categorized as canonical, some non-canonical, and others extracanonical, semi-canonical, deutero-canonical, pre-canonical or post-canonical. A scripture is a subset of religious texts considered to "especially authoritative",   revered and "holy writ",  "sacred, canonical", or of "supreme authority, special status" to a religious community. Many religious texts, in contrast, are simply narratives or discussions pertaining to the general themes, interpretations, practices, or important figures of the specific religion. In some religions Islam , the scripture of supreme authority is well established Quran. In others Christianity , the canonical texts include a particular text Bible but is "an unsettled question", according to Eugene Nida.
British Broadcasting Corporation Home. By John Drane Last updated The Bible is not just one book, but an entire library, with stories, songs, poetry, letters and history, as well as literature that might more obviously qualify as 'religious'. The Old Testament is the original Hebrew Bible, the sacred scriptures of the Jewish faith, written at different times between about and BC. The Hebrew Bible has 39 books, written over a long period of time, and is the literary archive of the ancient nation of Israel. It was traditionally arranged in three sections.
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The Bible is the holy scripture of the Christian religion, purporting to tell the history of the Earth from its earliest creation to the spread of Christianity in the first century A. Both the Old Testament and the New Testament have undergone changes over the centuries, including the the publication of the King James Bible in and the addition of several books that were discovered later. The Old Testament is the first section of the Bible, covering the creation of Earth through Noah and the flood, Moses and more, finishing with the Jews being expelled to Babylon. The exact beginnings of the Jewish religion are unknown, but the first known mention of Israel is an Egyptian inscription from the 13th century B. The earliest known mention of the Jewish god Yahweh is in an inscription relating to the King of Moab in the 9th century B.